Can Our Universe Expand Forever Or Expand Then Contract Later Just So It Could Die?

From Einstein E=mc^2 to the conservation of energy theory, these concepts agree that energy cannot be created nor destroyed — after all these energies existed since singularity (even before the big bang).  Thus, if I agree with these concepts, it means everything within this universe can be deconstructed into the smallest of the smallest possible units, and each of these smallest units could be counted individually in a way that if they’re to be reunited they could be constructed into the whole universe again.  The question is if this is the case, is our universe static in quantity?

I surmise there is another possibility!  What if the first scenario is true but there is one exception!  The exception is that outside of the singularity there is a bigger container that could feed more energy into the already constructed universe which we’re living in.  This could mean the quantity of our constructed universe could be changed according to the limitation of the larger container which contains our universe.  If this is the case it could mean that our universe could be shrunk in size and quantity by somehow shredding off existing energy and feeding the lost energy back to the larger container.

Relatively then, from within our universe, it could be that our universe is infinite since it could be expanded forever or be shrunk forever depending on the situation.  We don’t know the limitation of the larger container so we could only see the direction of our universe as an infinite expansion or infinite contraction relatively!  There’s a saying that nothing could last forever, and so we know that even the sun and anything else that exists within our universe got an expiration date.  I suspect that our universe could be expanded forever until the larger container stops feeding energy to our existing universe which would then allow this universe to contract and die off eventually!

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Although Dark Forest Is A Science Fiction Theory In Three Body, Can It Be A Real Warning To Humans In Reality?

In this blog post, I will discuss a lot of things that make up the side plots for Three Body series.  Thus, this blog post could be a spoiler for many people who want to but have not yet read the books in Three Body series.  I suggest you ignore this blog post if you want to spend time in reading Three Body trilogy.

The Dark Forest theory in Three Body is quite interesting!  Although as now, the Dark Forest theory is only a figment of science fiction creativity, thanks to Three Body I think the fictional theory does have a real bite in reality if humans do go far into space in the future.  After all, we have to wonder how it would be like for us primitive humans to have made contact with one or more advanced alien civilizations in space, right?

Us humans have so far been very lucky as we have only ourselves to blame for grand scale acts of violence.  Before modern history, we had genocide activities such as a ruler wiped out the entire city, taking no prisoners, just to send a message to the enemy so a strategic objective could be met.  Genghis Khan is a perfect example of this.  In the 20th century, we witnessed the WWI and WWII wars, and these wars told us that great human casualties were not just the figments of the imagination but these were real!  Furthermore, humans are now capable of destroying ourselves many times over with nuclear weapons.  So, in a sense, us humans will have to blame ourselves if we destroy ourselves by the weapons that we had created!

In Three Body trilogy, the Trisolarans comes from a star system that got three suns.  These three suns move in a complex dance that gives rise to unpredictable cycles of stable and non-stable eras.  In a stable era, the condition of the Trisolaran planet would be favorable for the Trisolarans to exist such as normal weather patterns.  In an unstable era, depending on the dance of the suns, the condition could be the outcome of extreme cold to undescribable heat.  When three suns appear on the horizon at the same time, liquid magma could envelop the surface of the planet, thus destroying life in the process.  In extreme cold period, many things have to go into hibernation state as water would freeze and not many things could survive in extreme cold condition.  The Trisolarans are not so lucky as earthlings since they do not experience near constant stable era.

The Trisolarans have experienced the collapses of civilizations over and over again, thus their advancements might be the products of relearned achievements.  In fact, the Trisolarans could have advanced a lot more if their progress weren’t hampered or destroyed by the collapses of their civilizations.  In short, the Trisolarans would find a nirvana on earth!  When earth naively sent out a sun amplification signal with the intention of making contact with the unknown alien civilization, it was when the Trisolarans knew what they had to do for their survival.  The Trisolarans came up with a plan to conquer the solar system that harbors earth and everything within it.  Thus, the greatest struggle for humanity began since the contact.

The nature of Trisolarans’ openness in the announcement of their mission to conquer earth’s solar system — as if earthlings are merely bugs — via various interactions and events sparked wild reactions among earthlings.  Humans began to group up in factions, and each faction got different outlook to what would be happening when the Trisolarans offensive battleship fleet would arrive here on earth.  Perhaps, once they arrive they would exile the earthlings to nearby hostile planets.  Perhaps, once they arrive they would kill off all earthlings.  Perhaps, perhaps!  Whatever the perhaps, humanity as you know it got an expiration date to be met, and it would take 400 years or so for the Trisolarans attack fleet to arrive here on earth.

Although the humans tasted the Dark Forest theory in plain sight, they did not even understand or get the whiff of the Dark Forest theory yet.  How come?  Naive humans did not think about destroying the Trisolarans because they didn’t have the capability or the values to do such thing.  Earthlings got a record of developing systems such as a democracy and whatnot, and so some of the earthling values are more about coexisting.  The humans could not understand why things couldn’t be shared among aliens.  Perhaps the humans are lucky and have not experienced any unstable era like the Trisolarans have had, and so the humans could not invest too much into the idea of being alone is heaven.  The Trisolarans, on the other hand, knew that heaven is rare and when one finds it one needs to own it.  Heaven could not be shared when one alien civilization is vastly different from another!  The trust between two different alien civilizations is so slim that the effort in creating a sharing space would be a gargantuan effort.  Perhaps, it would be too naive to even think the other would not go out of their way to destroy one’s own civilization.  It’s a dark forest out there!

When it comes down to the survival of a whole species, do we take a chance with being naive and believe that another alien civilization would be kind to our species?  The Dark Forest theory, although is now just a work of imagination in a science fiction, Three Body trilogy, begs us, humans, to think twice before making any contact with an alien species in space!  In Three Body trilogy, alien civilizations may be so advanced that destroying a whole solar system is feasible.

Another cool thing about Three Body trilogy is that it touches on dimensional spatial.  According to Three Body, in a four-dimensional spatial, one could travel faster and see all aspects of the inner structure of a three dimensional spatial.  Let’s say a sealed box that encapsulates an apple in a three dimensional spatial would reveal both the box and the apple in a four-dimensional spatial.  Thus, the beings inside a four-dimensional spatial could be more advanced than anything that exists inside a three-dimensional spatial.  The discovery of a four-dimensional spatial allowed the Blue Space spaceship, earthing’s technology, with the capability to destroy the Trisolarans’ probes known as the Droplets.  On the escaping route since the Doomsday battle that had the Droplets destroyed the massive earthling spaceship fleet, Blue Space encountered the four-dimensional spatial space that allowed it to discover the capability of destroying the pursuing Droplet probes.

In summary, I think science fiction works like Liu Cixin’s Three Body trilogy could provoke the human imagination that could be rather useful in the future if the future indeed encounters such out of this world scenarios.  For an example, the Dark Forest theory suggests that earth is rather lucky and isn’t yet being discovered by another intelligent alien species.  The unknowns would be provoked if earthling does indeed encounter another alien species!  The Dark Forest theory could also hint that alien species could be plenty once upon a time, but you would never know how crowded the universe once was.  Different alien civilizations could advance at different times in space, and the Dark Forest theory could be realized by each alien civilization at a different time.  This variant of Dark Forest realization allows the Darwin theory to be at work on a scale of the universe!  Sometimes we don’t have to look at the universe to see why bigger fish eats smaller fish and humans step on bugs because here on earth we see it all!  The dimensional spatial touch in Three Body is quite intriguing because I do imagine that humans — in reality — may rely on the experiences of jumping out of our native three-dimensional spatial to achieve time and warp speed travel!

Creative Thinking: Aliens & A Star

I read something on the Internet today, and the article mentioned that a star, Gliese 710, is heading toward our solar system.  This is interesting to me since I have only heard of other smaller bodies of space to be traveling around like a comet or so, but something as big as 60% of our Sun could be traveling like this is something new to me entirely.  The article mentioned that in about 1.35 million years or so, this star would enter our solar system and cut through Oort Cloud which may trigger lots of other smaller bodies of space to travel in earth’s direction.  This could mean lot of stuffs could hurl toward earth and create lots of destructions.

Anyhow, that is interesting, but my imagination is running wild again.  I’m thinking that if an alien civilization out there that is so advance in which they have the knowledge of turning a star or a planet into a spaceship.  Perhaps, they could travel to another solar system like so without ever needing a smaller spaceships to do so.  They could breed and live as usual in a planet size spaceship, and once they arrive at a solar system they would carry on their whatever they have had in mind.

Nonetheless, the question is can the aliens remember their objectives after 1.35 million years?  Or perhaps, in couple hundred thousands more years, the aliens already know how to speed up their star size spaceship to the point that it will reach earth for let’s say in half the time of 1.35 million years?

Anyhow, this is only a scenario in which my imagination runs wild on, and so don’t take what I’m writing here literally.  For all we know, perhaps it’s only a star which hurls toward earth’s direction.  Nonetheless, as an intelligent species, us humans should be opened to all possibilities, and only in this manner that we may never be caught by any surprise which could have a devastation on us all.

Just A Suggestion On What We Should Aim For When Traveling To Another Galaxy

I’m no geek in space stuffs, but I like to watch Star Trek TV shows and movies sometimes.  Anyhow, whenever I see Star Trek’s spaceship such as the Enterprise, I dream that I could be on one.  In my opinion, space faring is very cool.

In reality, we can’t travel anywhere far away from our planet earth yet.  Sure, we can send robotic crafts to a distant planet, but such a planet would still be within our solar system.  Perhaps, making as far as the edge of our solar system is already a great achievement in our time.

Talking about space faring to a hospitable planet which resides in another galaxy is totally a fantasy still.  How come?  According to the Internet, the closest galaxy is like 25,000 light-years away.  Our human civilization might already be extinct by then if we’re not careful.

Traveling to another galaxy requires technology which we can only fantasize at the moment.  Warping in space is one of such technologies.  Another one is using a wormhole to take a shortcut in space.  These technologies require immense energy, and our current technologies are in no way near in having such advancements.

Nonetheless, if one day we can harness immense energy and know how to utilize such energy, I like to suggest that we should not build a spaceship like the Enterprise.  How come?  Such a spaceship is too small and not sustainable for generations of space faring creatures.

I think we should create a spaceship that is immense in size and has similar shape to earth.  Such a craft should be at least 1/3 of the earth size, because such a huge craft can sustain artificial ecosystems that are similar to earth.  This way, generations of space faring creatures can survive and thrive for a long time — making our way to another galaxy should be doable by then.

Such a craft may need a technology to harness the stars, and making such stars as if they’re the gas stations in space.  Warp and wormhole technologies are the must have technologies, because these technologies could aid in speeding up the journey to another galaxy.  Anyhow, as the human race advances, we may be able to see the children of much later generations to take on such a bold adventure — traveling to another galaxy.

Imagine Time As A Tide Medium To Record Bookmarks Of Time For A Universe, But What About The Sum Of Infinite Natural Numbers Equal To -1/12 or -1/8?

Watching “Sum of Natural Numbers (second proof and extra footage)” video on YouTube, and I’m amused how the proof got to an answer of -1/12 for the summation of 1+2+3+4+n… (i.e., n to the infinity).  Part of the proof, the professor uses the geometric series (if I’m not wrong about this to be geometric series) of — 1+x+x^2+x^3+x^n… (as n to the infinity) equal to 1/1-x — to manipulate more numbers in more ways to come up with -1/12 as the answer to the sum of the infinite basic numbers such as 1+2+3+4+n… (as n to the infinity).  So, I guess if the proof in which the professor explains in the video is correct, adding basic items in a series to the infinity would equate to -1/12.  Nonetheless, what mind-blowing about this is that adding all the positive things yet it turns out to be a negative thing as in -1/12 (negative for sure).  Check out this video right after the break.

What is even more nifty is that I found another video on YouTube which relies on the video above to refute the -1/12 answer to the sum of positive things, and the video would argue that -1/8 is the real answer to this scenario.  Well, by now I’m totally confused by both videos for sure.  So, is it -1/12 is the answer to 1+2+3+4+n… (to the infinity) or the answer would be -1/8?  Check out the next video right after the break.

Anyway, it’s quite amusing, and I’m not sure if I’m ever going to be able to understand this proof.  Anyhow, maybe someday my mind will be a little brighter than now and I’ll definitely see how -1/12 would be the answer of the sum of infinite positive numbers.  Or is it that only the sum of all positive number series would equate to -1/12 or -1/8, but adding non-series numbers in total to the infinity would not equate to such answer?  But, all numbers like natural numbers can always be counted to the positive, thus does it really matter that non-series numbers in total to the infinity would turn out to be any differently than -1/12 or -1/8?

Honesty:

To be honest, I was wondering about how time and space can be infinite or not, and a similar question on Quora (Can time be infinite and space be finite?) got an answer which directs me to the first YouTube video which I had posted near the very top of this blog post.  Yep, that’s how I found out about these videos.

Personal thought:

Right now, I imagine time as in a single tide travels to an imaginative beach in which this beach got no sand barrier to block the tide, and this tide would ride on into the infinity and would never be able to hit against the sand barrier of the beach.  I imagine that each tide is a time.  Thus with this imagination I can conclude that each tide is an origin which represents a time medium.  Nonetheless, this time tide medium isn’t a regular tide, and so it would have history of time, like bookmarks of time.  Anything which rides upon the time tide medium would move forward with time, but leave history in bookmarks of time tide medium.  This imagination would allow me to go further by concluding that I can travel in time by revisiting the bookmarks of time tide medium, or perhaps I can jump to another time tide medium to visit the bookmarks of time of not my own altogether.  If this is possible, does it mean jumping to another time tide medium would mean escaping the current universe?  After all, I assume that different universe should allow a different behavior of time tide medium, because each time tide medium could behave differently altogether.  Anyway, this whole crazy mess I just ranted on is my imagination, and it has no proof of anything — meaning it’s nothing in reality and just an imagination (i.e., a fairy tale).

Perhaps, The Real Universes Are Also No Man’s Sky

This June, No Man’s Sky will be released on the 21st of the month.  This is one of those games that I can’t wait to get my game on.  The game is about an almost infinite galaxies and planets that you can travel to and explore.  From what I’d heard the travel between planets and galaxies is seamless.  An open world where wonders and monsters await, and each trip can be randomly dangerous.  If not prepare ahead, your next trip in No Man’s Sky may be a trip to hell.

Enough about the game, because I want to focus on something else entirely in this blog post.  I mentioned No Man’s Sky, because the game is special and unique since it would almost indefinitely generate new instances of parts of the universe that you travel through in your spaceship.  This means game assets and whatnot are going to be randomly created all the time through an algorithm.  This makes me wonder perhaps our real universe is also infinite.

When we escaped the planet earth, we suddenly realized the surmise of round earth is true.  We see galaxies, but we can’t get there.  We can’t really see the edge of the universe, because a simplest, smallest distance between earth and another planet is already too huge.  Just imagine an ant craws across a hill, and this ant must have thought that the hill is a galaxy.  How would the ant know that there is a universe in which humans are aim to travel across, right?

Imagine the real universe is also being instantly generated indefinitely, thus us humans would probably never be able to see the real edge of the universe.  Because, the edge of the universe would also be expanded farther and farther with no end in sight.  What if there are multiple universes that would never allow one realm to travel to another, but these realms are so different and have infinite generated instances?  Imagine the laws of physics would be so different from one realm to another.

I think as human civilization gets bolder with space, one day we may do No Man’s Sky for real.  Right now I can’t wait to play No Man’s Sky on PC, but our human civilization can’t wait to escape this space region.  I think nuclear power and the likes are progress, but only if us humans can be civilized.  Such technologies can catapult us humans out of this space region and go interstellar.  Nonetheless, we may go extinct if we can’t be civilized among ourselves.