In the past, the rise of industrialization produced new jobs and discarded the old ones. With industrialization came new technologies and so forth, thus new civilizations evolved and destroyed the old ones. People became more urbanized eventually, and the old ways were mostly discarded. Factories sprang into the existence and assembly lines produced things en masse. Jobs were abundant for the industrialization was young and healthy. Industrialization was one of the main catalysts in which out-of-date jobs disappeared en masse.
We don’t really have to know the details of how industrialization of the past could build a civilization of today, because what we’re seeing are real. Furthermore, China has reinforced the notion of industrialization miracle by using this phenomenon so effectively in which industrialization plus urbanization has brought at least 600 million Chinese people out of poverty. China is now harboring the largest middle class that the world has ever known.
For India, she is looking at China with bewilderment, because she too has a huge population which will surpass China’s 1.3 billion head count, and yet her industrialization isn’t yet fully developed. The problem is that something is lurking in time in which even industrialization will soon become the thing of the past. By then even industrialization will not be able to help India to catch up with China.
What is lurking in time which will eclipse industrialization? In my opinion, it’s automation. It’s so simple to see why automation will turn industrialization into nothing more but a tale of history. As of now, we know industrialization as the catalyst for the rise of modern humans, because it has produced untold amount of jobs and products and in turn pushing human population into new height. Very soon though, automation will put so many people out of menial and even creative jobs, because so many things will be able to be automated with great efficiency.
Efficiency is the key to a future, because automation will be so efficient in which even more products will be able to be produced. Unfortunately, people will not be a part of this new enlightenment, because the production will become automation. Automation does not need human inputs. I surmise in the early stage of automation, some human inputs will be needed. When the efficiency of automation becomes fully transpired, human inputs will merely be needed.
Imagine how this future will unfold. Let’s be simple and take a look at things that are closer to home. Automation will put truck drivers, taxi drivers, pilots, construction workers, manufacturing workers, programmers, engineers, and even musicians out of job. It’s simple to see self-driving car technology will be able to replace jobs that require human drivers. It’s simple to see self-flying plane technology will be able to replace jobs that require pilots. It’s simple to see the construction process of any building in the future will become evermore automated such as 3D printing machine technology for construction process, thus less construction workers will be needed. It’s simple to see manufacturing workers will be replaced by machines, because machines don’t demand wages. Artificial intelligence will be able to replace programmers, engineers, and musician, because the smarter artificial intelligence gets the less human inputs are needed in these jobs.
I bet China and elsewhere in the world are looking toward this automation trend, because these places are already being industrialized. The next logical step for them is to go automation for even more efficient future. Unfortunate for India, if she isn’t industrialized fast enough, she may have to face a future in which the world is going full speed ahead for automation. In the automation world, companies don’t need cheap labor jobs, but these companies can purchase cheap machines to build products. India will find herself to be vulnerable in such a future for sure. Besides India, I think anywhere in the world will see automation as a challenge, because automation means less jobs for everybody.
You can argue automation will also create new jobs, but we have to remember that the number of jobs that automation needs won’t be able to replace untold amount of jobs the world needs. For an example, a manufacturer plant’s automation may require one or two skill engineers to reprogram the automation process, but thousands of employees will be fired for machines are the only answer for automation. This whole automation thing reminds me of “The Matrix” very much. The movie “The Matrix” first came out for entertainment, but we may never know it might just be so prophetic in the future.
In summary, automation will give India and China so much pain, because the population sizes of these two countries are so huge. Huge population means more jobs are needed, but automation will replace so many jobs that huge population may have to cry for mercy. China will fare better than India if automation is to speed up, because China has the surplus of money, infrastructure, and so on to help her population cope with automation. India will not fare very well in the automation world, because she is still trying to industrialize her way out of poverty. In a world where machines replace humans, I think India won’t be able to fully industrialize. Check out the video right after the break to find more on why India could be in so much pain when automation comes knocking.